Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develop in lymphatic system.

lymphatic  system is important part of immune system of body.

in lymphatic system, lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, bone marrow and thymus are included.

lymphoma develops when some cells of lymphatic system grows and divide abnormally. the cells of lymphatic system are known as lymphocytes.

TYPES:-  it is mainly of two types:-

  1. HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA:–  in this reed stern berg cells are present. these cells are large and abnormal cells that are found in lymph nodes. it can starts from single lymph node and then spread to other adjacent lymph nodes.
  2. NON HODGKIN’S LYMPHOMA:-  in this reed stern berg cells are absent. it can develop anywhere in lymphatic system. it is characterised by the uncontrolled growth and accumulation of abnormal lymphocytes.there are many types of non hodgkin’s  lymphoma which are as follows:- 
  • diffuse large B- cell lymphoma.
  • follicular lymphoma.
  • mantle cell lymphoma
  • marginal zone lymphoma
  • burkitt lymphoma
  • T cell lymphoma.
  • lymphoblastic lymphoma.


the exact cause of lymphoma is unknown.  but some common factors that are responsible for developing lymphoma are as follows:-

  1. epstein bar virus infection:- it is mainly found in african people where EBV infection is very common.
  2. those people who have weak immune system including HIV/AIDS are  at higher risk.
  3. some chemicals and toxins, pesticides are also responsible for lymphoma.
  4. it can be found at any age group.
  5. genetic factors are also included.


  1. swelling of lymph nodes of many area like, neck, groin, axilla, armpits etc.
  2. fatigue.
  3. weakness.
  4. weight loss due to unknown reason.
  5. night sweats or excessive sweating.
  6. pruritus.
  7. pain or discomfort of area where lymph nodes are swelled.
  8. abdominal pain, swelling, feeling of fullness.
  9. cough, dyspnoea. swelling of face.


BIOPSY:- bone marrow biopsy.

blood tests.





LUMBAR PUNCTURE:- for check the cancerous cells in CSF.

FLOW CYTOMETRY:- for analyze the cancerous cells.



  1. it is indicated medicine in lymphoma.
  2. scrofolous swelling.
  3. nodosities in breasts.
  4. swelling of the lymph nodes.
  5. asthma in scrofolous patients.


  1. person is debilitated.
  2. palpitation of heart.
  3. shortness of breath or dysnoea on least exertion.
  4. loose and offensive stools with complete exhaustion thereafter.


  1. dyspnoea, shortness of breath, debility and pallor are marked.
  2. profound blood changes.
  3. heart action is weak.
  4. glandular enlargement.
  5. patient is very restless and anxious.
  6. aggravation in midnight and afternoon.

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