Anal Cancer- When cells of anal canal start growing abnormally, Anus is an opening at the end of the rectum.

It is an uncommon cancer, mostly in male it seen in age above 35 years and in females above 60 years are more prone to this cancer.

Mostly anal cancer gets confused with rectal cancer.

Mostly anal cancer detect earlier then metastatic to other part


  Due to some changes in DNA of anal canal cells the control of production of cell size and multiplication hampers, it leads to overproduction of anal cell.

Exact causes what lead to mutation of DNA of cell are still unknown

But studies say that infections with HPV– human papillomavirus are the most important risk factor for anal cancer.

Other risk factors are:

  1. Smoking
  2. Old age 
  3. History of cancer
  4. Anal sex
  5. Weaken immune system
  6. STD – sexually transmitted  disease


  1.  Itching in anus
  2.  Pain in area of anus
  3.  Bleeding from anus
  4.  Mass/ lump near anus mostly confused with hemorrhoids’
  5.  Bowel disturbed, difficulty passing stool 
  6.  Swollen lymph glands near anal and groin area
  7. Offensive discharge from anus


  1. Anal cancer mostly found early because they located where physician easily see and reach
  2. Digital rectal examinations — physician insert fingers inside anus, after wearing gloves and also   apply lubricant and feel lump or any other abnormalities inside anus.
  3.  Anoscopy — To visualize anal area for abnormality
  4.  Anal ultrasound , MRI, or Other Imaging test
  5.  Biopsy – sample collect from affected area and study


   –  Boost immune system by:

  1. Quit smoking
  2. Quit drinking
  3. Exercise regularly
  4. Maintain healthy weight
  5. Eat properly cooked food
  6. Eat fiber rich diet to avoid constipation and other illness
  7. Maintain hygiene of anal area
  8. Get HPV vaccination
  9. Maintain bowel movements
  10. Limit sexual partner
  11. Avoid anal sex and use protection while intercourse
  12. Take treatment for local inflammation around anus i.e. fistula, fissures, open wound
  13. Avoid excessive use of chemical products/ preservatives/ artificial color/ synthetic products
  14. Drink plenty of water  



  1. Ailment after suppressed gonorrhea
  2. Painful lump sensation on posterior surface of sphincter
  3. Discharge from anus – fetid moisture
  4. Severe itching around anus 
  5.  Pass stool with difficulty, have to lean far back
  6. Pain in back 


  1. Pain in coccyx
  2. Feel paralyzed around anus
  3. Irritability in sphincter ani
  4. Difficulty in passing stool, stool partly expelled recedes again
  5. Pain in anus, discharge of mucus
  6. Inguinal gland swollen and painful


  1. Distended, indurations of abdomen
  2. Flatulence and distended
  3. Difficulty in passing stool
  4. Stool recedes back due to pain in rectum and anus
  5. Swollen anus, pain in anus, sometime bleeding with stool 
  6. Suppressed gonorrhea

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