AIDS RELATED CANCER-There are some cancer types which , mostly affects people suffering from human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV)


 It is a cancer that affects the lining of t blood and lymphatic’s vessels of different part of body

Kaposi sarcoma is characterized by red purple or blue brown lesions of the skin, mucous membranes and other organs

hiv transmission


 It is caused by virus called human herpes virus 8 (HHV8)

 Most of people come in contact with this virus not develop Kaposi sarcoma, because their immune system strong enough to control this virus.

 People with weaker immune system develop it.


  1. First symptoms of Kaposi sarcoma usually a spot of pink, brown, red or reddish purple color appear on skin.
  2. Lesion/spot appear either flat, or bump one
  3. It appear anywhere on skin but commonly appear on legs, face, arms.

Other symptoms:

  1. Fever
  2. Weight loss
  3. Tired, weakness felt
  4. If lungs lining involve, it show symptom of cough , breathlessness
  5.  If GIT tract involve have symptoms diarrhea, abdominal pain
  6. edema condition due to fluid buildup in body if lymph nodes damage
  7. If lesion bleed for longer period of time it may cause anemia


  1.  Test for HIV 
  2. Chest X-ray
  3. Endoscopy
  4. CT-scan
  5. Biopsy


  • Regular checkup
  • HIV checkup , counseling therapy 
  • Eat healthy
  • Quit smoking, Drinking
  • Adopt healthy habits
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Exercise daily



It is also known as Non Hodgkin lymphoma. It is a type of lymphoma that affects people who already infected with AIDS

AIDS related lymphoma grow rapidly if person with AIDS get infected with it and spread to other part quickly

AIDS related lymphoma are mostly involves B-cells Lymphocytes

AIDS related lymphoma is malignant cancers that start growing in lymph system of patient with AIDS. Lymph system is a part of immune system. It help protect the body from infection and disease.



  • Weight loss
  • Fever, fatigue, tiredness
  •  Profuse Night sweat 
  • Lymph nodes swollen around neck, chest, groin, underarm
  • A feeling of fullness below the ribs
  • Recurrent infections
  • Anemic


  • Physical examination, Health history 
  • Complete blood count
  • Blood chemistry studies
  • LDH Test- increase amount of LDH in blood indicate tissue damage , lymphoma, other disease ( LDH- lactic dehydrogenises)
  • Hepatitis B test, HIV test
  • CT-scan, PET-scan
  • Bone marrow Aspiration and biopsy Lymph nodes biopsy
  • Molecular test

Primary CNS Lymphoma


It is lymphoma which confined to CNS. It originates in brain, eyes, cerebrospinal fluids and spin. It is non Hodgkin lymphoma mostly affect people with AIDS, organ transplant history, people having weak immune system.

It is very rare but very aggressive tumor in nature, spread quickly all over CNS


 Symptoms of primary CNS lymphoma varies according site/location og tumor

Tumor located near eyes cause vision changes

Tumor located near area of brain that control coordination, movement cause weakness and lack of coordination 

Memory loss, trouble speaking, disorientation, confusion, Headache, nausea, vomiting, Seizures

Loss of sensory/ motor functions

General weakness of whole body


  1. Physical examination
  2. Neurological examine- Reflexes, movement, coordination, memory speech
  3. Eye examination:- A slit lamp examination
  4. MRI , CT-scan, PET-scan
  5. Biopsy, Lumber puncture, Bone marrow aspiration
  6. Complete blood count, HIV test, Blood chemistry



  1. Sad, restless, feeble mind
  2. Numbness of brain
  3. Profuse sweating, face bathed in sweat
  4. Patches on skin, loss sensation, itching and burning on skin
  5. Epileptic symptoms
  6. Numbness of limbs, cramps, staggering gaits, swelling of bones.


  1. Rapid exhaustion and examination
  2. Limb feel as if made of wood or glass
  3. Perspiration sweetish and strong
  4. Glandular enlargement
  5. Brown spot on hands and arm
  6. Persistent headache
  7. Fever- profuse sweat except head 


  1. Depressive, memory weak
  2. Vertigo when lie down, when turn over head
  3. Headache stupefying with nausea and vomiting of mucus 
  4. feeling of foreign body under the skull
  5. Heavy, wearing, paralyzed feeling
  6. Yellow skin with papule eruption
  7. Sweat as soon as closed eyes

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