Liver cancer or hepatic cancer arise when there is abnormal growth in anywhere in the cells of the liver. It is a serious condition of the liver.

Two types of liver cancer are:

PRIMARY LIVER CANCER: – it arises within the cells of liver. It is a common type of liver cancer.

SECONDARY LIVER CANCER: – it is a metastatic liver cancer that arises from cancer cells of other parts of the body that spread to liver.

CAUSES: – there are many causes that are responsible for liver cancer:-

  1. Some chronic viral infections such as HEP.  B or HEP. C virus is also responsible for liver cancer.
  2. Cirrhosis of liver is also a major cause.
  3. Alcohol consumption.
  4. Non- alcoholic fatty liver diseases.
  5. Genetic factors.
  6. Diabetes mellitus.
  7. Obesity.
  8. Use of tobacco etc.

Common symptoms of liver cancer:-

  1. Jaundice.
  2. Abdominal pain.
  3. Weight loss from unknown reason.
  4. Weakness and fatigue.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
  6. Hepatomegaly.
  7. Abdominal swelling.
  8. Enlarged liver.
  9. Loss of appetite.
  10. Back pain or shoulder pain.
  11. Fever.
  12. White, chalky stools.
  13. Easy bleeding or burning.
  14. Edema sometimes in legs and ankles.
  15. Itchy skin.


  1. CBC
  3. CT SCAN.
  4. MRI.
  5. PET SCAN.
  6. BIOPSY.



  1. It is a prominent liver remedy.
  2. Jaundiced skin.
  3. Constant pain under the inner angle of right scapula.
  4. Tongue yellow with imprint of teeth.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
  6. Stools hard, round, balls, yellow, clay color.
  7. Stools float in water.
  8. Constipation alternates with diarrhea.


  1. The main action of cardus mar is on liver and portal system that causes soreness, pain and jaundice.
  2. Abuse of alcohol.
  3. Hemorrhages that connected with hepatic disease.
  4. Appetite small.
  5. Tongue furred, nausea, retching, vomiting of green, acrid fluid.


  1. Stool hard, difficult, small, and incomplete.
  2. Liver sensitive.
  3. Brown spots on the abdomen.
  4. Dropsy due to hepatic diseases.
  5. Pain shooting across the lower abdomen, from right to left

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